What is Reverse Osmosis Water Purification

What is Reverse Osmosis Water Purification

What is Reverse Osmosis Water Purification

Beauty Tip #6 - Emollients

Emollients protect your skin by creating a barrier and preventing dryness. Water is the best emollient, but water evaporates quickly its effects are minimal. Emollient oils are used to hold the water to your skin.

Synthetic emollients coat your skin much like if you wrapped your skin with plastic wrap. It does not breathe and this can cause your skin to become irritated. Even more of a concern is that research has shown that some of the synthetic emollients accumulate in the lymph nodes and the liver.

Natural emollients are a much better choice, because they will nourish your skin. The enzymes of your skin will metabolize natural emollients and absorbed them.

4 Natural Emollients to Look For

Look for these powerful natural emollients.

  1. Avocado – Proves a natural way to nurture your skin that is chemical free. The oil of avocado is found in many quality beauty products. Avocado contains essential nutrients that moisturize and soothe your skin. They help you age beautifully, reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
  2. Rosehip – It is found in numerous skin care products especially in products that reduce wrinkles. Rosehip oil has many anti aging qualities and it will give you a youthful glow.
  3. Shea Butter – Extracted from the kernels of the Shea nut, this oil is soothing to dry skin.
  4. Jojoba Butter – Is an excellent skin moisturizer that is very similar to the human sebum, so it is able to protect the skin. It is very valuable in slowing the aging process.

4 Synthetic Emollients to Avoid

Synthetic emollients are made from chemicals and can be found in many skin care products. Here are some of the most common synthetic emollients you should avoid.

  1. Synthetic alcohols – Any of these ingredients Benzyl, Butyl, Cetearyl, Cetyl, Glyceryl, Isopropyl, Myristyl propyl, or Propylene.
  2. PEG compounds – It often contains the toxic by-product dioxane such as PEG- 45 Almond Glyceride.
  3. Hydrocarbons - Contains carcinogens and mutagenic Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). 
  4. Silicone Oils - This is like putting a plastic wrap on your skin. It is reported to cause tumors on test animals. They include chemicals like dimethicone, cyclomethycaine, or copolyol.

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Beauty Tip #5 - Humectants

Humectants are commonly found in skin care products. When you apply a cream, it should keep your skin moist. Many creams accomplish this using a film that suffocates the skin, stopping the loss of moisture from your skin. This is accomplished with humectants.

 Natural humectants like glycerin pull water from the surrounding air and pull it to your skin keeping your skin moist. They depend on moisture in the air. If you live in a dry climate the moisture will actually be drawn away from your skin.

Three popular humectants are elastin, collagen and keratin, which usually come from animals. Some skin care companies have been busy making claims that special animal proteins are used to replace aging cells, but there is no science to back this claim up. These molecules can’t penetrate your skin because they are too large, and even if they could be broken down your immune system would reject them as a foreign object.

Lecithin is an excellent humectants that provides natural phospholipids, which attract water from the surrounding air and then hold the water in areas of your skin that require moisture without creating a barrier level.

We live in an environment that strips away the natural phospholipids on our skin. This includes the wind, sun, pollution, detergents, and skin cleansers. The result is rough skin.

The only job of your top layer of skin is to provide a protective barrier. It does not metabolize the phospholipids that are in your top layer of the skin. A current study confirmed that when you topically apply plant phospholipids it will restore the skin’s barrier function and protect against harmful substances.

3 Natural Humectants to Look For

Look for these three healthier choices that will actually work better than their chemical counterparts do.

  1. Glycerin - The main use of glycerin is as a moisturizer for dry, rough skin. A number of studies have shown glycerin to have strong humectant properties that draw water to your skin’s outer layer.
  2. Lecithin - This natural moisturizer is made from soybeans, and it is able to penetrate the epidermis to reach the cellular level.
  3. Panthenol - Panthenol or B5 is a natural anti-inflammatory and it has anti itching qualities. The skin is able to easily absorb panthenol and it is a highly effective acne treatment. 

3 Synthetic Humectants to Avoid

Synthetic humectants are made from chemicals that are associated with a number of side effects ranging from mild to very serious.

  1. Propylene Glycol – Causes irritation and contact dermatitis
  2. PEG compounds (i.e. Polyethylene Glycol) – may contain the toxic by-product dioxane
  3. Ethylene/Diethylene Glycol – Causes irritation and contact dermatitis

Humectants are a key ingredient in your skin care. Choose healthy!

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Beauty Tip #4 - Organic Skin Care

Organic is not the same as natural. The Oxford dictionary defines organic as, “produced and involving production without the use of pesticides, artificial fertilizers or synthetic chemicals."

That seems pretty simple right? Yet when it comes to purchasing skin care products yet again there is a manipulation of words that takes organic and natural completely out of context.
 For example, let’s look at shampoo. Almost all shampoo has the ingredient Cocamide DEA listed, which is the foaming agent. DEA contains Diethanolamine, which is a known carcinogen. This means the product is no longer natural or safe.

When a label reads organic, you think it has no chemicals and that’s exactly what they want you to think. These companies use the chemistry definition of organic, which reads "a compound that contains a carbon atom." This leads to a lot of confusion and misguided decisions, because how would you know that.

Let’s look at an example. Let’s say a company uses “Methyl Paraben,” which is a toxic petrochemical preservative. Believe it or not, they will actually call it organic and they do this because it comes from leaves that have rotted over thousands of years, eventually turning into crude oil, which is then used to make the preservative. When you see the word organic you think pure and good and that’s not always so.

Another problem is that many manufacturers claim to use organic herbs in their products. However, with those organic herbs often come other ingredients that are derived from chemicals and unsafe.

There are no regulations on using the term organic unless it is for ‘certified organic.’ Only with “certified organic” can you be sure it is authentic.

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Beauty Secret #3 – Watch for Chemicals

Your skin can’t filter out the toxins and impurities from skin care products and cosmetics that have chemicals in them. Natural skin care doesn’t have these toxins that your body has to deal with. They are gentler and they nourish the skin.

The Oxford Dictionary defines natural as, “existing in, or caused by nature; not artificial; uncultivated; wild existing in natural state; not disguised or altered.” This definition seems pretty straight forward, yet the skin care industry has managed to stretch the meaning of the word ‘natural’ in their products so that it doesn’t resemble natural in any way.

When you are looking at buying a product, start by having a look at the label. It’s pretty common to see a long list of chemical names, followed by the words “derived from natural substances.” If you are like most people, you think this refers to real natural ingredients, but in fact it does not – it’s terribly misleading and far too often misunderstood. Of course, that’s the goal of the product manufacturer.

Let’s look at an example. “Sodium Hydroxysultaine” is a common ingredient and often it is followed by the words “derived from coconut oil.” That leads consumers to think that this is derived from natural coconut. Very rarely this is the case – it is derived from natural coconut oil, but even in those rare occasions a chemical solvent is used to extract the natural ingredient. In the majority of cases, there is no natural coconut oil even used.

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Beauty Secret #2 – Choose the Right Skin Care Products

Women desire to have beautiful glowing skin. Actually, these days’ men also work hard to keep their skin looking its best. It has been proven that we are hardwired to be attracted to people with a glowing complexion and clear skin. We do it and our ancestors did it. Why is that? It’s because this represents good health and in ancient time this would actually translate to longevity.

Aging beautifully in the past certainly looked different than it does today, but the end result was the same – looking your best and aging beautifully. Let’s get started looking at the various types of skin care that are available to you. These are healthy options that can keep you as beautiful today as you were yesterday.

Shea Butter Skin Care

Often Shea Butter is referred to as Karite. Shea Butter comes from the Shea Nut Tree, which is found in the western region of Africa. The Shea Nut Tree fruit has a nut inside it. This nut is crushed, dried, and then ground. The powder is then boiled so t which allows a green substance to be released. This substance rises to the top and when it solidifies, you have what we call Shea Butter, which is a very popular skin care treatment.

The use of Shea Butter isn’t new. For centuries, African women have been moisturizing their skin and protecting it from the sun and wind using Shea Butter.

Shea butter has some unique qualities. It is these qualities that give it so beneficial to the skin. It is high in fat, Vitamin E, Vitamin A and Vitamin F. All of these help to enhance cell generation and capillary circulation in your skin, while at the same time providing superior moisturizing.

You can see why Shea butter has been such a popular choice for so long. Shea Butter extraordinary qualities mean it is chosen to be an ingredient in many of the products we have available to us today. You can also buy pure Shea Butter. This is your best option, because if you choose products with other ingredients you are going to want to make sure that these other ingredients are natural and that the product is chemical free. Pure Shea Butter is really the best way to enjoy the benefits it has to

Because of the moisturizing and emollient properties of Shea Butter it can penetrate the skin, which is something most products cannot do. You can use Shea butter as your daily moisturizer but it can also be used to treat dry skin, dermatitis, eczema, burns, dark spots and blemishes.

Wait – there’s more - Shea Butter can be used to reduce wrinkles. In fact, many women report that Shea Butter is more effective than some of the most expensive creams on the market. It is also is a natural sunscreen with an equivalent of around an SPF 3 protection.

Research has shown that Shea Butter has medicinal qualities. Its anti-inflammatory qualities and because it contains stigma sterol which is the sterol that is referred to as "the anti-stiffness factor Shea Butter could prove helpful in treating arthritis.

Shea butter has a shelf life of approx. 24 months and you should always store it in a cool place. There is no known toxin associated with Shea Butter, which makes it an excellent choice in skin care.

Jojoba Skin Care

In the Sonora Desert, which is found in Arizona, you will find the Simmondsia Chinensis plant growing. This is where Jojoba comes from. It’s also found growing throughout Mexico. We know the benefits of Jojoba for skin care, but our ancestors used Jojoba for far more, including treating insect bites, burns, stretch marks and many other skin issues.

Jojoba oil isn’t actually an oil – rather it is a botanical extract. It was back in the 1930’s that it was discovered to be 98% pure liquid wax ester, which means it has similar properties to the sebum found in your skin. Sperm whale oil is the only other place this has been found. It is this wax ester that makes Jojoba so desirable.

Jojoba oil is easily absorbed so you don’t have to worry about that annoying oily residue that some products have. If you use Jojoba as your daily moisturizer you will enjoy youthful, silky, soft skin. It has even been an effective acne treatment. Be generous with your Jojoba and use it all over your body. It is also makes an excellent lip balm and make up remover.

If you already have wrinkles, not to worry, because studies have shown that when Jojoba oil is used continuously as a moisturizer, it can actually decrease fine lines and wrinkles by up to 26%. Jojoba is of the most popular ingredients in the cosmetic industry, because it is considered to be high quality. It is used in all kinds of natural moisturizers, and you will also find it in numerous anti aging skin care products. Don’t be surprised if you find Jojoba referred to as a ‘miracle oil.’

Ayurvedic Skin Care

For more than 5000 years women (and some men) have been using Ayurvedic skin care, which is built around medicinal practices, philosophical and psychological practices. The holistic approach of Ayurvedic skin treats all of you, not just your skin – your mind, body, and spirit will all be treated. Ayurvedic skin care has three basic principles called humors:

1. Vata
2. Pitta
3. Kapha

Each is derived from five natural elements, and it will reach deep into the body rather than just touching your skin’s surface with some cream that you put on your face. With Ayurvedic you can keep your skin soft and radiant without spending a fortune.

According to Ayurvedic, the accumulation of Vata in your body will cause your skin to become dry. Vata commonly occurs during the fall and winter months or in cold climates.

You might be surprised to learn that your diet can disturb Vata. When there is too much Vata in your body, your hair tends to be dry and dull, you have brittle nails and you have dry cracked skin. According to Ayurvedic skin care, the secret to aging beautifully is to keep your Vata healthy and balanced. Many of these tips are healthy on their own even if they were not associated to Ayurvedic Vata.

Eat Seeds and Nuts

Add nuts and seed to your diet and watch how it improves the condition of your skin. Eat healthy fats to balance your Vata.

Sip Your Tea

Since Vata is dry and for you to enjoy more youthful skin you need to counteract these qualities. Make sure you stay hydrated. A good way to do this is with warm herbal teas since not only will they hydrate you, they will also warm you.

Eat Plenty of Vegetables

Make sure you are eating lots of vegetables that have high water content as these are easier to digest. They include vegetables like cucumbers, carrots, lettuce, etc. These are Tri-Doshic vegetables, which means they contain Vata, Pita, and Kapha. This makes them perfect for your skin.


Exercise stops the accumulation of cold Vata. Choose exercises that will provide you with energy rather than draining you. These days we are far less active than our ancestors were and there is no question it has a negative effect on our overall health and your youthful vitality. In other words, if you aren’t exercising, you are going to age faster.

Just Breathe

You’ve likely had someone tell you ‘just breathe’ when you are facing an insurmountable problem. When you are dealing with higher than normal levels of emotional stress it will aggravate Vata and it will suck your vital juices right out of your skin, which will cause you to become dehydrated and look old. Participate in Yogic breathing and meditation to reduce your stress.

How to do Yogic Breathing

1. Start by lying on your back
2. Place one palm on your belly, and the other on your chest.
3. Inhale deep into your belly and then inhale into your ribs to expand your rib cage.
4. Let the air completely fill your lungs.
5. Keep track of your breathing in and out.
6. Let the air move in the opposite order you inhale.
7. Repeat for 5-10 minutes to calmyou .

Get Enough Sleep

If you aggravate your Vata you will become restless and then you will find you have problems sleeping properly. Insomnia sets in and your skin suffers as a result of it. You begin to age much faster.

Ayurvedic doctors say that if your desire is to have healthy, glowing, youthful skin you must get a minimum of seven hours sleep.

Honey Skin Care

Honey has long been used to treat wounds and as part of skin care. Honey is extremely powerful and it is a natural antioxidant and anti-microbial. Honey can protect your skin from the dangers of UV rays and it can rejuvenate the skin. It’s why honey is so popular in natural beauty cosmetics.

Honey is humectants. This means it will draw and bind water in the air to your skin. If you want to
give your skin an incredible treat, try a honey mask.

1. Apply honey evenly to your slightly damp skin.
2. Leave it on for anywhere from one hour.
3. Gently wash off with warm water.

This will hydrate and soften your skin. If your skin is super dry, feel free to use it daily. Honey also makes an excellent cleanser. All you need is a drop of honey and mix it with water in the palm of your hand and then cleanse your face like you normally would and rinse. Honey is an excellent choice for skin care that will help you maintain your youthfulness with healthy, glowing skin.

Aloe Vera Skin Care

Aloe has been used for many, many years - generation’s back, to treat burns and wounds. It has self healing qualities, which means when the plant is torn it will automatically shrink the wound and create a watertight seal.

Aloe Vera is close to the PH of your skin so it works with any skin type. It will improve the fibroblast cells in your skin that which produce collagen and elastin. The more fiber your skin has, the more youthful you are going to look.

Aloe Vera can open your skin’s pores so that they are able to do a better job of receiving nutrients. If your skin is dehydrated it is going to be dry and flaky and this can happen at any age. Aloe can help to prevent dehydration.

Aloe also has tons of antioxidants that fight free radicals, which are responsible for the aging of your

Summary of Skin Care

That was easy, wasn’t it? Each of these skin care ingredients can be found stand alone or in combination with other ingredients. Always read the labels carefully. Now it’s time to move on and help you learn how to determine your skin type. Are you ready?

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Beauty Secret #1 Know Your Skin Type

In order for you to give your skin what it needs most, you need to know what type of skin type you have. If someone has told you your skin type before, the best thing you can do is forget what you learned.

Typically, you would hear the categories, dry, oily and combination skin. The trouble is that there are a host of other problems that can affect your skin type like sun damage, acne, eczema, or rosacea to name just a few. In addition, you can have more than one skin type. You might be oily and sensitive or dry, but blemish prone, you might have combination skin and sun damage.

The likelihood of combination skin increases as you get older. Let’s have a look at your skin type and get into it a little more so that you can do a better job of keeping your skin glowing, healthy and more youthful.

What Influences Your Skin Type

There are tons of things that can influence your skin type both internally and externally. To do a good job of evaluating your skin you should consider these factors that can affect your skin. Consider which ones are affecting your skin.

  • Climate
  • Diet
  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Hormones
  • Medications
  • Pollution
  • Skin Disorders
  • Smoking
  • Second-hand Smoke
  • Stress
  • Unprotected Sun Exposure
  • Prolonged Sun Exposure
  • Your Skin-Care Routine

Ingredients That Can Make Your Skin Worse

What many of us aren’t aware of is that the use of certain products and ingredients can make your skin issues worth. For example, many products that are used to treat acne contain high amounts of alcohol or other irritating ingredient, which can cause your skin to become dry and irritated, which in turn can lead to additional oil production.

If you are using any products that contain irritating ingredients you won’t know what your true skin type is, at least not until you stop their use.

If you use thick-textured products, often it can lead to clogged pores. If your skin cells don’t exfoliate properly, your skin will look dull and old. It can even cause wrinkles. In order to know what’s going on with your skin you have to know if your
products are to blame.

Ingredients that can affect your skin care products include:

  • Abrasive Scrubbing Agents
  • Alcohol
  • Fragrances from essential oils
  • Harsh Cleansing Agents
  • Drying Cleansing Agents
  • Irritants
  • Menthol
  • Pore-Clogging Waxes
  • Thick Emollients

Identify Your True Skin Type

Once you have ruled out any factors, including ingredients that can be problematic you are much closer to determining your true skin type. At some point most of us deal with combination skin. That’s because the center of your face has more oil glands than there are more pores to get clogged along the ‘T Zone.’ In addition, areas around your nose and eyes tend to be more sensitive.

Knowing your skin type helps you to choose the right kinds of products and the right skin routines. From here, we will start to look at beauty secrets you can put to work in your life. Let’s get started.

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What is Reverse Osmosis Basic Understand


Reverse Osmosis commonly known as RO is nothing but a deionizing process that helps remove the unnecessary and unwanted solids from the water. The process is all about purification and filtering the water, for which they make use of filtration, which is also known as the semi-permeable membrane process. If you are not quite aware of what it does, look up for all the necessary information on this space as it caters to the entire process of this treatment.

What is Osmosis?

Before getting on to the Reverse Osmosis process, let us get a basic understanding of the natural process known as Osmosis. This natural process is a vital process where the weaker saline solution ends up migrating to a stronger saline solution. For instance, the procedure of our kidneys absorbing water coming from our blood, the same theory works here as well. Whenever there is a higher concentration, the solution will migrate from the lower side to the higher side.

Reverse Osmosis is nothing but the reverse process of Osmosis. Given that the osmosis process is all about naturally catering to the saline solution, but in the case of Reverse Osmosis, you need to apply external energy to lead the process. The Reverse Osmosis will make use of semi-permeable membrane to pass through the water molecules and with the added pressure and energy, the deionizing of the saline solution begins and you get pure water.

What Principle does Reverse Osmosis Work on?

As stated earlier, Reverse Osmosis makes use of external and additional energy because the natural energy of the Osmosis procedure is not enough. The higher pressure exerted using the pump increases the pressure on salt side and forces the water to go through the semi-permeable membrane. When this happens, the water leaves behind almost 95% percent of dissolved salts at the bottom, going into the reject stream. Pressure is usually high but it all depends on the salt concentration of the water, if the concentration in the feed water is more, then you need to apply more pressure.

If you are wondering what is the reject stream, well, it is nothing but a section in the procedure where the rejected water or so to say water that didn’t pass the membrane goes in that stream. Truly speaking, the division of good water and reject water makes the process easier. The deionized water is known as permeate water, and this is what goes through the follow up procedures.

What Does this Process Remove from the Water?

It removes almost 95% of dissolved salts, colloids, bacteria, particles, pyrogens etc. The RO running system will straight off reject contaminants that weigh more than 200 molecular weight. It is vital to mention that RO system does not get rid of gases like CO2 because there are not heavily charged and not too much in molecular weight.

Reverse Osmosis Operations

The operation of RO system caters to its performance and its design considerations. It plays a vital role in displaying pressure, quality and flow. Accuracy is achieved when the following parameters operate at a minimum.
  • Permeate pressure
  • Permeate conductivity
  • Permeate flow
  • Feed pressure
  • Feed conductivity
  • Temperature
  • Concentrate pressure
  • Feed flow

Stages of Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis as a process usually works in two stages. Also, when we speak of stage, it shouldn’t be mistaken with pass, because when the water passes through it does not means it goes through the stage. The two stages work effectively and play their part in generating filtered water.

Difference Between the Two Stages

Stage 1 is very simple where the feed water goes through the stream, enters from there and exists as either permeate water or simply known as concentrated water.

In stage 2, the reject from stage 1 becomes feed water for stage 2. The concentrated water is collected from stage 1, it combines with the permeate water from stage 2 and to gain complete recovery, additional systems are added.

What is Concentrate Recycle?

When the system cannot perform its duty properly where in the stages are not operating as it should, in that case, the concentrate recycle system comes in play. It uses the concentrate stream to push back to the first stage for better and effective recovery.

What is Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment?

Pretreatment is nothing but ensuring if the mechanical as well as chemical treatments are fine and in accordance with the RO requirements. The proper functioning of such systems ensure prevention of scaling, earlier and cost premature of the membrane, fouling, membrane failure and cleaning related issues.

Reverse Osmosis Membrane Cleaning

The membranes in this system play a vital role and you ought to involve in periodic cleaning to increase its longevity. The cleaning should be done at least 1 to 4 times in a year, of course, the number depends on the quality of feed water. In cases where the pressure drops and salt passage increases, then it becomes vital to clean the membrane. You can clean it while it is attached or remove it and clean it off site. Off-site membrane cleaning is considered as more effective and yields good results.

Single Pass Reverse Osmosis vs Double Pass Reverse Osmosis

The difference between the two is not very difficult to understand. The single pass RO water system works on a simple principle of moving through one pass and converting to feed water. However, in case of double pass RO system, it goes through the first pass converts into feed water and then through the second pass and ends up producing more of permeate, essentially going through not one but two best reverse osmosis systems.


Reverse Osmosis is effective and very useful technology to produce water that is harmless and suitable to all kinds of people. The deionizing process allows the water to leave behind the unwanted substances and convert the water into its purest form. For proper treatment of water, RO systems need monitoring, good maintenance and proper cleaning from time to time. With correct usage, it is bound to last with you for many years without displaying a single sign of worry.